Many articles about web development technology are written for programmers. They frequently go too far into technical jargon to be understandable or beneficial to people in other parts of the firm, particularly business owners and marketers. However, understanding some of the technical components of web design and development services is beneficial for those in these professions, if only so they can have educated talks with their development teams or vendors. It can provide them with conceptual knowledge of how a project will be constructed technically. That is the topic of this article.
Web development technologies relate to the various programming languages and tools used to create dynamic and feature-rich websites and applications.
Client-side (front-end) technologies
Front-end technologies are used on your website or application’s “client side.” They’re utilized to create your website’s interactive components and the parts that people see and interact with. Text colors and styles, photos, buttons, and navigation menus are all included.
Server-side (back-end) technologies
Back-end technologies are employed on the “server-side” of your website or application. They are responsible for laying the technical groundwork. They organize and store data while also ensuring that everything on the front end functions properly. Back-end technologies are used to validate login credentials when a user provides them to a social networking application, for example. Once the credentials have been authenticated, the server will return the profile name, photo, and other pertinent information.
Back-end technology is also used to increase the efficiency of basic business processes. If you have a huge amount of data to process, you can execute a back-end script to build a relevant report on the front end. You can also automatically send emails to groups of people.
Hyper Text Markup Language is abbreviated as HTML. It is an essential technique for web development. It is the foundation of a web page. HTML code guarantees that all text on a website is properly formatted. This is done so that your Internet browser can display the content properly. Without HTML, a browser could not display text, images, or other material.
Canvas is an HTML5 element that lets you create and change images and shapes. It can also be used for more advanced applications such as game graphics and animations.
Web Storage is a method of saving data directly in the browser. Two examples include saving user login information and user preferences for a website.
Service workers, which are typically used on websites with offline capabilities, allow a script to run in the background when a web page is opened. It allows sites to be accessed offline and provides web push alerts. It can send these notifications even while your browser is not open.
WebSockets allow a two-way persistent connection to be established between the user and the server. One of the most common use cases is chats and notifications in online apps.
CSS, or Cascading Style Sheets, defines a web page’s style and aesthetics. CSS explains how a web page’s structure appears, whereas HTML describes how it is structured. This can be seen in page layouts, colors, typefaces, and element positioning. If HTML is the bones of a website, CSS is its skin. It enhances the look of the Internet and your website.
Programming languages are ways of talking with computers and telling them what to do. They provide a vocabulary as well as a set of grammatical rules for instructing a computer to perform specific activities.
There are as many programming languages as there are human languages. Developers typically specialize in a few languages.
Here are some examples of several languages:
PHP is the most popular programming language used in web development. WordPress, a content management system (CMS) that runs 34% of the Internet, is built on PHP. Finding a good developer can be difficult no matter what language you use, but using a popular one, such as PHP, will give you with a larger pool of developers to choose from and work with. PHP also contains extensive online documentation and tutorials for troubleshooting and help.
Another well-known programming language is Python. It’s simple and uses a distinct syntax that stresses readability. Python is appropriate for artificial intelligence applications and projects, statistics, data science operations, and machine learning. It can also create web applications.
Java is a popular programming language used by huge organizations. It runs on a variety of platforms, has extensive documentation, and is supported in the event of a problem by Oracle (a large and well-known software company). It can also be used to develop Android apps.
Rust is a modern programming language that prioritizes safety, particularly safe concurrency. Concurrency in software engineering refers to a set of techniques that allow a computer program to do numerous tasks at once. Safe concurrency enables you to perform several tasks rapidly while keeping your code safe and secure. Despite being a younger language, Rust performs well and has gained market traction.
Frameworks for web development
Web development frameworks are tools and libraries that developers use to make programming in a given language easier and faster. They provide interfaces to regularly used functionalities as well as abstractions that help to comprehend and manage complex things.
They simply make the development process more efficient by allowing developers to work from a pool of code resources. When frameworks give all of the tools needed to construct a website or application, there is no need to create software functionality from scratch. Because they provide you with a head start on your development, frameworks are less expensive than building entirely new code. They help lower development risk because they are tried and tested rather than writing brand-new, untested code.
There are front-end and back-end frameworks available to aid with the development process.
Angular is a front-end framework maintained by Google. When compared to other front-end frameworks, it is the most comprehensive solution because it provides the most combined functionalities.
Because of its stability and breadth of features, it is frequently used by major corporations and companies that demand a complex front-end solution. It, like other complex pieces of software, has a steep learning curve.
One thing to bear in mind is that there are numerous Angular versions, which may confuse you. You will need to rewrite a considerable amount of code if you have an older version of Angular and want to upgrade to a newer version for additional methods and capabilities.
A back-end framework example:
Libraries are collections of code-writing files, programs, routines, scripts, or functions. Libraries improve functionality by combining bits of code so that you don’t have to write the code yourself. They, like frameworks, limit the risk of faulty code while also improving the development process and saving you money.
Libraries, on the other hand, are not the same as frameworks. The framework of your construct defines and structures it. Libraries are resources that you can easily incorporate into your building’s structure and design. A framework is a more comprehensive programming tool, whereas they are typically used for more specialized functions or features.
Consider the following libraries:
React.js, which is maintained by Facebook, is one of the most popular front-end libraries. Although React.js has a steep and difficult learning curve, it excels at creating visually beautiful user interfaces (UI). It is also continually developing and being updated to improve and maintain it.
Vue.js is another library primarily intended for UI development. Vue.js is simpler and more user-friendly than React.js. It has a smaller community to turn on for debugging and assistance, although this is considerably countered by its speed and fairly simple learning curve. Although it is not as widely used as other libraries, its popularity is growing due to its simplicity.
SDK for Facebook
The Facebook SDK is a library that enables programs to connect to Facebook. This library can be used to collect user data as it passes between your app and Facebook. Following that, the data can be used to refine your software and advertising, as well as provide accurate analytics such as user downloads.
All of your information is stored in databases. They are, however, not disorganized digital filing cabinets. They provide a dependable, well-organized architecture for storing and retrieving huge amounts of data.
SQL and NoSQL are the two most common types of databases.
SQL databases use a structured query language to define and manage data (SQL). SQL is the programming language that programmers use to interact with databases and alter the data stored within them. Because SQL databases all use the same language, your data’s structure must be determined using predefined schemas. Your data must also follow the same structure, which may involve some forethought.
Data can be stored in several forms because NoSQL databases do not require structured query language (thus the name).
Popular databases include the following:
MySQL is an open-source SQL database. MySQL is used by WordPress websites.
MongoDB is a NoSQL database that is free and open source.
Oracle Database is a business-to-business database management system. It’s common in online transaction processing, data warehousing, and hybrid database workloads.
Business owners and marketers can be more active in the development process if they have a working knowledge of web development technologies. They don’t need to remember anything above, but having this page on hand will provide some of the technical knowledge needed to make sound project decisions.
However, choosing the proper partner to carry out your project is the key to selecting the right web development technology.
What is our suggestion? Find a partner that will guide you through the process and answer your questions in straightforward English. After all, code is what is utilized to build websites. What you require is a provider who can help you grasp the complexities of web technologies.